Water resources are affected by climate change in a variety of ways. As communities prepare for climate change, water should be at the forefront of their planning efforts. Climate variability should be factored into management decisions for water and water infrastructure. While some communities are already changing their approaches to water based on adaptation planning, others are doing nothing. Better models and tools are needed in this arena, as well as federal investment to help local communities become better prepared for and more resilient to climate change.